Some big news on the spectrum front today, as Todd Shields of Bloomberg reports:
A U.S. agency today will propose acting as the sole buyer for airwaves that television stations will surrender for an auction of spectrum to mobile providers led by Verizon Wireless, two officials said.
The idea is among several being advanced by Federal Communications Commission Chairman Julius Genachowski for the auction planned for 2014, said the agency officials, who spoke yesterday on condition of not being identified because the matter hasn’t been made public.
As for the FCC’s plan to purchase airwaves, Shields writes:
The FCC plans to buy airwaves that some TV stations will voluntarily relinquish in a process known as a reverse auction. It would then sell the frequencies in a traditional auction. The FCC will seek public comment before it settles next year on rules for the auction, the officials said.
A senior FCC official explained that the commission is aiming for an aggressive 2014 deadline because it plans to buy back the spectrum and hold the auctions almost simultaneously.
The official noted that no country has attempted such a spectrum buy back and auction before, but he emphasized that the commission is being advised by “world-famous” experts in economics and engineering.
Both Shields and Sasso report CTIA is “very pleased” that the process is beginning, but it’s still unknown how many TV stations — if any — will be willing to offer up their spectrum for sale. The FCC is expected to vote on the proposal sometime this month. Stay tuned…
Via Cecilia Kang of the Washington Post, the FCC is set to take a new look at wireless networks:
The Federal Communications Commission said Thursday that it would begin to measure the speeds of wireless networks, a move to give consumers more information on the performance of their wireless providers and to keep carriers accountable for advertised speeds.
Kang goes on to report that the major providers are all on board with the program.
Earlier this week, Jason Purdy, Affiliated Analyst with market research firmMobileTrax and also Director of Digital Products for Sports Illustrated, published the below opinion piece. We feel it’s worth highlighting (and are publishing it in full with MobileTrax’s permission) because Purdy’s recent challenge in finding an Internet connection to meet his needs helps illustrate that consumers have several options to connect, but that there is still a great need for ongoing private investment in broadband infrastructure — especially wireless networks — in order to keep up with current and growing demand for data. It also offers a good example of how important it is to create a regulatory environment that allows providers to transition away from outdated technologies and move to faster, next-generation IP networks. — IIA
New Home, New ISP - Is Mobile Broadband Ready for Prime Time?
by Jason Purdy
After my wife and I moved to Brooklyn from Manhattan in 2011, the number one priority was to get internet set up. I loved Verizon FIOS, but our Brooklyn pre-war building didn’t have fiber connections, surprise surprise.
In Manhattan, we had a dedicated 50M bps downlink and 5M bps uplink that never returned a Speedtest.net result lower than 45/4. Instead, our options in our new place were DSL or Time Warner cable. I’ve heard horrific things about Time Warner’s customer service, and DSL’s bandwidth is too slow, but if those were my only two wired connections, what were my wireless options?
I have been creating a wireless connection from my 3G iPhone for several years, and it has provided decent wireless connectivity for general internet usage, but it is simply not fast enough nor affordable for an entire home’s Internet usage and downloading rich media like TV shows and movies. Although “4G LTE” is all the hype lately, they cap your bandwidth to 10GB a month. I easily go through that in two days.
Being that I work in the mobile space, I remember reading reports 5+ years ago about how WiMax was going to change everything. The main company implementing WiMax, Clearwire, had to file bankruptcy shorty after launching and investors, including Sprint, Time Warner and Comcast, stepped up to give the company the cash it needed to move into the 4G LTE space.
Today, Clearwire, which markets under the “Clear” brand, is marketed as “mobile 4G broadband”, offering a 3M bps-5M bps downlink. Not exactly the speeds I had before with Fios, but Time Warner’s wait time for installation was at least 10 days, so I took the plunge. I called Clear and they sent the router overnight and waived the activation fee. I only had to buy (not rent) the router for about $100. Amazingly, Internet was up and running from initial call to actually being online in less than 12 hours.
Besides usual internet usage like emails and browsing, I also download a lot of large files like the Apple iOS SDK. So how fast was Clear in reality? The first hour went remarkably well. I downloaded the iOS 6.0 SDK very quickly, averaging over 1.5M bps. After that finished, I tried Netflix which had some initial buffering time, but then seemed to play ok. Unfortunately, half way through a Breaking Bad episode, it started buffering again. This became a common occurrence until I noticed what caused it – any concurrent traffic on the same network. If I received a new email or I checked Twitter on my phone, the entire network was hosed. I ran a few speed tests and bandwidth went from 5.72M bps to less than 1MB bps (0.12M bps). For a frame of reference, Gmail took over a minute to load.
I tried emailing Clear to see if this was common or if I could pay $5 or $10 a month to have preferential access. Their response was “I’m sorry. You may not be a good fit for Clear.” Well, at least they were honest. At this point, it was pretty Clear (sorry) that this wasn’t going to work out, so I ordered Time Warner. I did have to wait a few days to get my Time Warner order processed and installed. This has turned out to be a great solution, and certainly better than trying to run my entire house off my iPhone’s Personal Hotspot, but simply not a long-term solution.
When I cancelled Clear they were very nice about it, asked why and what they could do, and ultimately gave me a full refund. When I called to cancel, I assumed I’d get the $100 back from the router I returned, but I tried to tell them they could keep the $54 monthly fee. I did use their service quite a bit for almost two weeks and was happy to have internet at my new home while we were moving in, but they wouldn’t accept it. Thanks, Clear! Can you imagine if this launched in 2005? Everyone would have switched from DSL and the mobile space would have completely changed.
Scheduling Time Warner wasn’t ideal, with the only times they would show up at our place were between 9-5, but that said, check out my new speeds! Single connection: 28.7M bps, which is amazing, but then I tried what I could not do with Clear: four connections at once including 1) My iPhone streaming Pandora, 2) My AppleTV streaming Netflix, 3) My MacbookPro downloading an update to Photoshop and 4) my iPad uploading a video to YouTube. The result: 25.17M bps.
Realize here that we’re only using Time Warner for internet access. They tried to sell me a cable TV package, but we just didn’t need it. If we watched more TV, it might have been worth it, but I don’t mind paying Time Warner so I can get over the top (OTT) access to movies and some TV shows via sources like Netflix, iTunes and Hulu.
Although wireless speeds are faster than they’ve ever been (remember trying to load a website on your Motorola Razr?), and in theory speeds are faster than any average user would use, in practice wired (cable) internet access is the only option right now. I’ll switch back to Verizon’s FIOS at 10G bps (drool) if they offer it in my area, but Time Warner is working out just fine for now.
You can read this post, along with much more about the current state of mobile broadband, at Mobiletrax.
Over the holiday weekend, FOX News published an op-ed from our Co-Chairman Bruce Mehlman on the important roll wireless technology is playing in the lives of America’s soliders at home and abroad. Here’s a taste:
As the Internet continues to transform military activities, wireless technology in particular is enabling better, real-time communications with members of our armed forces abroad. For example, the time difference between the United States and Afghanistan means that many communications take place during the morning and afternoon hours in the US, when many are at work. Being able to use a video or voice call app, such as Skype, e-mail, or a chat service, such as Google Talk, on a smartphone enables couples and families to connect in real-time.
As the tech patent war continues to rage, Alexel Oreskovic and Poornima Gupta of Reuters report two heavy hitters in the tech space are tentatively talking:
Google Inc Chief Executive Larry Page and Apple CEO Tim Cook have been conducting behind-the-scenes talks about a range of intellectual property matters, including the mobile patent disputes between the companies, people familiar with the matter said.
The two executives had a phone conversation last week, the sources said. Discussions involving lower-level officials of the two companies are also ongoing.
If the Reuters report is correct, any conversations that keep the smartphone revolution from being mired in patent disputes are cause for celebration.
The FCC appears set to vote on a proposed rulemaking implementing the “incentive auctions” authorized by Congress in legislation signed into law earlier this year. An FCC spokesman would not confirm whether the incentive auction item will be on the agenda for September’s meeting, but several industry sources said they expect the commission will take up the issue at the meeting.
Ryan Kim of GigaOm points to a new report that shows while the future of the Internet may be mobile, advertising in the mobile space still faces some challenges:
Wonder why mobile monetization is still lagging as Kleiner Perkins partner Mary Meeker helpfully pointed out earlier this year? Well, one reason may be that many of the clicks on mobile ads are useless, the product of an increasing amount of fraud as well as a lot of inadvertent actions, said Trademob, a German mobile app marketing platform.
The company, which is in the midst of opening offices in San Francisco and New York, shared some new research with GigaOM, finding that 40 percent of clicks are essentially worthless, creating a conversion rate to install an app from an app store of less than 0.1 percent. Trademob found that 22 percent of clicks are accidental, while 18 percent are fraudulent. That could be one thing holding back mobile advertising as some advertisers question how effective their spend is on mobile.
As an advocate for the Asian American community, I aim to advance policies that benefit not only my community but all Americans. One great example is promoting the wireless revolution that is creating enormous opportunities for minority communities to flourish. As our networks grow faster and more reliable and our devices become more powerful, these opportunities will continue to expand.
Every day, more and more Asian Americans are using mobile devices to access the Internet. Recent studies show that Asian Americans, followed by other communities of color, are leading the way in smartphone adoption. While these studies do not take into account that certain Asian American subgroups likely have lower adoption rates, it is clear that no one should be denied access to this technology that improves our lives. Major barriers to Internet adoption, such as limited English proficiency, lack of digital literacy skills, and affordability need to be addressed. Yet limited deployment to low-income and rural communities also continues to negatively affect Asian Americans and other communities of color. That’s why I agree with President Obama’s goal of delivering next generation wireless broadband services to 98 percent of Americans by 2016.
But it’s going to take a couple of things to make that happen.
First, we have to make sure the private sector continues to invest in wireless networks and the devices and apps that use them. Last year, wireless service providers spent about $26 billion on building and maintaining the mobile infrastructure needed for wireless connectivity. These expenditures translate into jobs and economic opportunities for our communities. We need that investment to continue, and even increase, if we are to reach the President’s goal. The government must have policies in place that encourage this investment.
Second, more spectrum — the invisible airwaves that carry wireless signals — is required. As the wireless revolution continues to boom, we’ll need more spectrum to meet our growing demand. While recently passed legislation will free up a limited amount of spectrum, the government is the largest holder of spectrum. The government should quickly move to use its spectrum more efficiently and make spectrum available for consumer use. If we can do this, all Americans will be major beneficiaries.
Jason T. Lagria is the Telecommunications and Broadband Policy Staff Attorney at the Asian American Justice Center (AAJC), member of the Asian American Center for Advancing Justice. AAJC works to promote universal access and reduce barriers to critical technology and services for Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders and other underserved communities.
Via Janki Roettgers of GigaOm comes some startling new information about how people viewed the recently concluded Olympic games:
The average [Comcast] Xfinity customer who viewed live streams of the the games online authenticated 2.4 devices. It’s worth noting that this is in addition to millions of TV screens used to watch the London games; those 2.4 devices are just mobile phones, tablets and PCs. In other words: Millions of people used not one or two, but three to four screens to watch the Olympics!
Roettgers goes on to compile other stats, such as 1/3 of the BBC’s online coverage was watched on mobile phones; 60% of visits to the official website of the games were from smartphones; and close to 500 million people in China watched the games online.
More proof that we’re truly turning into a mobile world.
Bret Swanson of Maximum Entropy (he’s also one of our Broadband Ambassadors) has written a blog post on wireless competition and misconceptions about America’s mobile ecosystem:
Mobile communications and computing are among the most innovative and competitive markets in the world. They have created a new world of software and offer dramatic opportunities to improve productivity and creativity across the industrial spectrum.
Last week we published a tech note documenting the rapid growth of mobile and the importance of expanding wireless spectrum availability. More clean spectrum is necessary both to accommodate fast-rising demand and drive future innovations. Expanding spectrum availability might seem uncontroversial. In the report, however, we noted that one obstacle to expanding spectrum availability has been a cramped notion of what constitutes competition in the Internet era.
In a post on their website, the organization Women Impacting Public Policy (which is also one of our members) has applauded recent comments on spectrum from FCC Chairman Julius Genachowki:
The Chairman made clear he still favors clearing spectrum for auction, where appropriate, while an effort continues to explore new sharing ideas that have been developed. He correctly noted that it’s not “an either/or choice” - we will likely need to rely on both models to unlock the full value of our nation’s scarce spectrum resources.
WIPP agrees and supports the FCC’s direction on spectrum policy. The Commission has long led the way in acknowledging the spectrum challenges our nation faces.
This Friday, IIA is hosting a webinar along with education organization iNACOL on the effect broadband has on education. Particpating is Kawme Simmons, principal of the Kramer Middle School in Washington, D.C. Simmons is implementing a blended learning – a mix of online and traditional instruction – to engage students with interactive lessons and achieve a 40-point turnaround in test scores by 2017. For some background on Simmons’ plan for Kramer Middle School, see this report from the Washington Post‘s Bill Turque from last May:
Educators are hoping that the interactive lessons will engage students below grade level, helping them to make up ground while teachers work personally with more advanced students. Dashboards will keep students updated on their progress and what they need to do to improve. It will also allow teachers to give more timely feedback and support in areas where kids are struggling.
About 70 percent of Kramer students are a year or more behind their grade level, according to DCPS. But principal Kwame Simmons said he believes students can gain 13 to 15 points a year under the new system.
D.C.‘s WJLA also aired this report on Kramer’s shift to blended learning. Check it out:
This Friday, August 10, IIA will be hosting a webinar along with iNACOL exploring the real-life example of Washington D.C.‘s Kramer Middle School in utilizing broadband to drastically improve test scores over a five year period.
This discussion will shed light on the ever-more important role that high-speed Internet — including wireless broadband — is playing in today’s education system, such as in determining the level of achievement that students are able to obtain. Participating in the discussion will be Kwame Simmons, principal of D.C.’s Kramer Middle School, one of the city’s 40 lowest performing schools, and David Teeter, director of policy at iNACOL, a non-profit organization that promotes collaboration, advocacy, and research to enhance quality K-12 online teaching and learning, will address digital divide issues, including the importance of equality in access to broadband. Our own Co-Chair Jamal Simmons will host.
The webinar happens at 11am ET/8amPT. To join the discussion, visit here.
It’s not secret that the explosive growth of mobile broadband has forced wireless providers to search for more spectrum due to looming capacity constraints. For Verizon, that search has led to a proposed deal with cable companies, but as Diane Bartz of Reuters reports, the company’s road to regulatory approval is a rocky one:
Verizon Wireless may need to agree to tough conditions to win approval for its deals to buy spectrum from cable companies and market each others’ products, according to three sources knowledgeable about the negotiations.
The Justice Department and Federal Communications Commission are reviewing plans by Verizon Wireless, the biggest U.S. mobile provider, to buy spectrum from a consortium of cable providers, including Comcast (CMCSA.O) and Time Warner Cable (TWC.N), for about $3.9 billion. The transactions were proposed in December.
While the Justice Department and FCC appear prepared to approve the spectrum portion of the deals with minor adjustments, antitrust regulators have sought strict limits on controversial side deals.
At the Next Web, Jon Russell reports the airwaves around London during the Olympics are getting crowded:
There was further controversy around television coverage of the 2012 Olympics Games in London this weekend after the International Olympic Committee (IOC) asked spectators in London to “take it easy” and avoid sending large numbers of text messages, tweets and other communication through their mobile phones.
The broadcast of the men’s road cycling race — which enjoyed considerable attention from the British public thanks to its medal prospects — had a number of issues, which the International Olympic Commission (IOC) put down to users overloading mobile networks.
The IOC is currently working with UK mobile providers to fix the issues.
Bret Swanson of Entropy Economics (he’s also one of our Broadband Ambassadors) has released a new paper on mobile expansion and spectrum policies. From the paper:
Unleashing spectrum through auctions and allowing greater flexibility to use, buy, and sell existing private spectrum is important to accomodate existing demand for new data services and to drive future wireless innovation. Spectrum policy and politics, however, has been deteriorating.
You can read Swanson’s full paper, “Can Spectrum Policy Match Speed of Mobile Expansion?” at the Entropy Economics website (PDF).
AGREEMENT BETWEEN USER AND Internet Innovation Alliance
The Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site is comprised of various Web pages operated by Internet Innovation Alliance.
The Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site is offered to you conditioned on your acceptance without modification of the terms, conditions, and notices contained herein. Your use of the Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site constitutes your agreement to all such terms, conditions, and notices.
Internet Innovation Alliance reserves the right to change the terms, conditions, and notices under which the Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site is offered, including but not limited to the charges associated with the use of the Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site.
LINKS TO THIRD PARTY SITES
The Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site may contain links to other Web Sites (“Linked Sites”). The Linked Sites are not under the control of Internet Innovation Alliance and Internet Innovation Alliance is not responsible for the contents of any Linked Site, including without limitation any link contained in a Linked Site, or any changes or updates to a Linked Site. Internet Innovation Alliance is not responsible for webcasting or any other form of transmission received from any Linked Site. Internet Innovation Alliance is providing these links to you only as a convenience, and the inclusion of any link does not imply endorsement by Internet Innovation Alliance of the site or any association with its operators.
NO UNLAWFUL OR PROHIBITED USE
As a condition of your use of the Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site, you warrant to Internet Innovation Alliance that you will not use the Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site for any purpose that is unlawful or prohibited by these terms, conditions, and notices. You may not use the Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site in any manner which could damage, disable, overburden, or impair the Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site or interfere with any other party’s use and enjoyment of the Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site. You may not obtain or attempt to obtain any materials or information through any means not intentionally made available or provided for through the Internet Innovation Alliance Web Sites.
USE OF COMMUNICATION SERVICES
The Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site may contain bulletin board services, chat areas, news groups, forums, communities, personal web pages, calendars, and/or other message or communication facilities designed to enable you to communicate with the public at large or with a group (collectively, “Communication Services”), you agree to use the Communication Services only to post, send and receive messages and material that are proper and related to the particular Communication Service. By way of example, and not as a limitation, you agree that when using a Communication Service, you will not:
Defame, abuse, harass, stalk, threaten or otherwise violate the legal rights (such as rights of privacy and publicity) of others.
Publish, post, upload, distribute or disseminate any inappropriate, profane, defamatory, infringing, obscene, indecent or unlawful topic, name, material or information.
Upload files that contain software or other material protected by intellectual property laws (or by rights of privacy of publicity) unless you own or control the rights thereto or have received all necessary consents.
Upload files that contain viruses, corrupted files, or any other similar software or programs that may damage the operation of another’s computer.
Advertise or offer to sell or buy any goods or services for any business purpose, unless such Communication Service specifically allows such messages.
Conduct or forward surveys, contests, pyramid schemes or chain letters.
Download any file posted by another user of a Communication Service that you know, or reasonably should know, cannot be legally distributed in such manner.
Falsify or delete any author attributions, legal or other proper notices or proprietary designations or labels of the origin or source of software or other material contained in a file that is uploaded.
Restrict or inhibit any other user from using and enjoying the Communication Services.
Violate any code of conduct or other guidelines which may be applicable for any particular Communication Service.
Harvest or otherwise collect information about others, including e-mail addresses, without their consent.
Violate any applicable laws or regulations.
Internet Innovation Alliance has no obligation to monitor the Communication Services. However, Internet Innovation Alliance reserves the right to review materials posted to a Communication Service and to remove any materials in its sole discretion. Internet Innovation Alliance reserves the right to terminate your access to any or all of the Communication Services at any time without notice for any reason whatsoever.
Internet Innovation Alliance reserves the right at all times to disclose any information as necessary to satisfy any applicable law, regulation, legal process or governmental request, or to edit, refuse to post or to remove any information or materials, in whole or in part, in Internet Innovation Alliance’s sole discretion.
Always use caution when giving out any personally identifying information about yourself or your children in any Communication Service. Internet Innovation Alliance does not control or endorse the content, messages or information found in any Communication Service and, therefore, Internet Innovation Alliance specifically disclaims any liability with regard to the Communication Services and any actions resulting from your participation in any Communication Service. Managers and hosts are not authorized Internet Innovation Alliance spokespersons, and their views do not necessarily reflect those of Internet Innovation Alliance.
Materials uploaded to a Communication Service may be subject to posted limitations on usage, reproduction and/or dissemination. You are responsible for adhering to such limitations if you download the materials.
MATERIALS PROVIDED TO Internet Innovation Alliance OR POSTED AT ANY Internet Innovation Alliance WEB SITE
Internet Innovation Alliance does not claim ownership of the materials you provide to Internet Innovation Alliance (including feedback and suggestions) or post, upload, input or submit to any Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site or its associated services (collectively “Submissions”). However, by posting, uploading, inputting, providing or submitting your Submission you are granting Internet Innovation Alliance, its affiliated companies and necessary sublicensees permission to use your Submission in connection with the operation of their Internet businesses including, without limitation, the rights to: copy, distribute, transmit, publicly display, publicly perform, reproduce, edit, translate and reformat your Submission; and to publish your name in connection with your Submission.
No compensation will be paid with respect to the use of your Submission, as provided herein. Internet Innovation Alliance is under no obligation to post or use any Submission you may provide and may remove any Submission at any time in Internet Innovation Alliance’s sole discretion.
By posting, uploading, inputting, providing or submitting your Submission you warrant and represent that you own or otherwise control all of the rights to your Submission as described in this section including, without limitation, all the rights necessary for you to provide, post, upload, input or submit the Submissions.
THE INFORMATION, SOFTWARE, PRODUCTS, AND SERVICES INCLUDED IN OR AVAILABLE THROUGH THE Internet Innovation Alliance WEB SITE MAY INCLUDE INACCURACIES OR TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS. CHANGES ARE PERIODICALLY ADDED TO THE INFORMATION HEREIN. Internet Innovation Alliance AND/OR ITS SUPPLIERS MAY MAKE IMPROVEMENTS AND/OR CHANGES IN THE Internet Innovation Alliance WEB SITE AT ANY TIME. ADVICE RECEIVED VIA THE Internet Innovation Alliance WEB SITE SHOULD NOT BE RELIED UPON FOR PERSONAL, MEDICAL, LEGAL OR FINANCIAL DECISIONS AND YOU SHOULD CONSULT AN APPROPRIATE PROFESSIONAL FOR SPECIFIC ADVICE TAILORED TO YOUR SITUATION.
Internet Innovation Alliance AND/OR ITS SUPPLIERS MAKE NO REPRESENTATIONS ABOUT THE SUITABILITY, RELIABILITY, AVAILABILITY, TIMELINESS, AND ACCURACY OF THE INFORMATION, SOFTWARE, PRODUCTS, SERVICES AND RELATED GRAPHICS CONTAINED ON THE Internet Innovation Alliance WEB SITE FOR ANY PURPOSE. TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, ALL SUCH INFORMATION, SOFTWARE, PRODUCTS, SERVICES AND RELATED GRAPHICS ARE PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF ANY KIND. Internet Innovation Alliance AND/OR ITS SUPPLIERS HEREBY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES AND CONDITIONS WITH REGARD TO THIS INFORMATION, SOFTWARE, PRODUCTS, SERVICES AND RELATED GRAPHICS, INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT.
Internet Innovation Alliance reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to terminate your access to the Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site and the related services or any portion thereof at any time, without notice. GENERAL To the maximum extent permitted by law, this agreement is governed by the laws of the State of Washington, U.S.A. and you hereby consent to the exclusive jurisdiction and venue of courts in King County, Washington, U.S.A. in all disputes arising out of or relating to the use of the Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site. Use of the Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site is unauthorized in any jurisdiction that does not give effect to all provisions of these terms and conditions, including without limitation this paragraph. You agree that no joint venture, partnership, employment, or agency relationship exists between you and Internet Innovation Alliance as a result of this agreement or use of the Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site. Internet Innovation Alliance’s performance of this agreement is subject to existing laws and legal process, and nothing contained in this agreement is in derogation of Internet Innovation Alliance’s right to comply with governmental, court and law enforcement requests or requirements relating to your use of the Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site or information provided to or gathered by Internet Innovation Alliance with respect to such use. If any part of this agreement is determined to be invalid or unenforceable pursuant to applicable law including, but not limited to, the warranty disclaimers and liability limitations set forth above, then the invalid or unenforceable provision will be deemed superseded by a valid, enforceable provision that most closely matches the intent of the original provision and the remainder of the agreement shall continue in effect. Unless otherwise specified herein, this agreement constitutes the entire agreement between the user and Internet Innovation Alliance with respect to the Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site and it supersedes all prior or contemporaneous communications and proposals, whether electronic, oral or written, between the user and Internet Innovation Alliance with respect to the Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site. A printed version of this agreement and of any notice given in electronic form shall be admissible in judicial or administrative proceedings based upon or relating to this agreement to the same extent an d subject to the same conditions as other business documents and records originally generated and maintained in printed form. It is the express wish to the parties that this agreement and all related documents be drawn up in English.
COPYRIGHT AND TRADEMARK NOTICES:
All contents of the Internet Innovation Alliance Web Site are: and/or its suppliers. All rights reserved.
The names of actual companies and products mentioned herein may be the trademarks of their respective owners.
The example companies, organizations, products, people and events depicted herein are fictitious. No association with any real company, organization, product, person, or event is intended or should be inferred.
Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved.
NOTICES AND PROCEDURE FOR MAKING CLAIMS OF COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT
Pursuant to Title 17, United States Code, Section 512(c)(2), notifications of claimed copyright infringement under United States copyright law should be sent to Service Provider’s Designated Agent. ALL INQUIRIES NOT RELEVANT TO THE FOLLOWING PROCEDURE WILL RECEIVE NO RESPONSE. See Notice and Procedure for Making Claims of Copyright Infringement.