Bruce P. Mehlman
The Internet Innovation Alliance is a broad-based coalition of business and non-profit organizations that aim to ensure every American, regardless of race, income or geography, has access to the critical tool that is broadband Internet. The IIA seeks to promote public policies that support equal opportunity for universal broadband availability and adoption so that everyone, everywhere can seize the benefits of the Internet - from education to health care, employment to community building, civic engagement and beyond.
Vital to life and commerce in America
Broadband access has become vital to life and commerce in America. Individuals, businesses, government agencies, healthcare providers and educational institutions all rely on it as an efficient and effective platform for communicating and conducting business. It has enabled significant prosperity already, and it will be a key element determining our continued competitiveness in the global economy. But while we have seen solid deployment and adoption of broadband in America so far, we still have a long way to go to achieve our goal: universal availability and adoption of truly high speed connections.
While we have seen solid deployment and adoption of broadband in America so far, we still have a long way to go to achieve our goal of universal availability and adoption of truly high speed connections. Too many communities in America—from the rural to the urban poor—lack access to broadband and all the benefits it provides. There remains a deep digital divide in our country, and until that divide is addressed it will only grow. The only way to guarantee broadband access is available for everyone in America is for us to adopt a National Broadband Strategy.
This is your one-stop source for staying abreast of all the latest broadband developments in your State. Get access to quick facts, read policy updates or post your news and comments.
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po prostu nie mógł zostawić swoją stronę przed informacją, że jesteśmy bardzo zadowoleni z jakości informacji oferta dla użytkowników ... Will be back często, aby sprawdzić się na nowych postów.
Individuals, businesses, government agencies, healthcare providers and educational institutions all rely on it as an efficient and effective platform for communicating and conducting business. It has enabled significant prosperity already, and it will be a key element determining our continued competitiveness in the global economy. But while we have seen solid deployment and adoption of broadband in America so far, we still have a long way to go to achieve our goal: universal availability and adoption of truly high speed connections.
Larry F. Darby
Joseph P. Fuhr Jr.
“Innovation” has emerged as a pivotal element in the debate over whetherthe Federal Communications Commission (FCC) should impose newconstraints on managers and providers of broadband network infrastructures. This study brings to bear facts and analysis emergingfrom a review of much of the literature on innovation and especiallythat bearing on claims by advocates of “net neutrality,” “open networks”and related notions.
We find that innovation is thriving at both the core and the edge of thenetwork in the current policy environment, which has fundamentallyallowed the Internet to evolve with little government involvement.Further, we find no evidence that greater FCC involvement in markets forbroadband services would protect or promote innovation in the InternetEcosystem. Indeed, we believe that such intervention is more likely todiscourage innovation than to stimulate it. In addressing these issues,the study finds and presents support for the following conclusions:
Responding to incentives and opportunities availed within the prevailing scheme of regulatory forbearance, network infrastructure providers have compiled an impressive record of innovation reflected in a cascade of new transmission and switching technologies; new local distribution and devices; an impressive array of new services; dramatically increased functionality; and adoption of creative business practices tailored to the changing topology of networks;
By any reasonable assessment, core cable, wireline and wireless networks reflect enormous historical and ongoing innovation as marked by the adoption of new technologies, incorporation of advanced equipment
and software, expansion and improvement of services offerings, and the introduction/diffusion of new business models;
Presence of pervasive complementarities among services dictates that core innovations in network platforms have enabled, encouraged and increased the value of important edge innovations that would otherwise
have been impossible;
While good and unambiguous measures of innovation are often lacking, there is an undeniable link between diffusion of network innovation and the enormous network investments now being made by
broadband infrastructure providers;
Many of the innovations now apparent at the edge reflect investment and business model applications of services first introduced by Internet
Service Providers at very early stages of the development of the Internet;
Imposing common carrier type regulation on network providers would diminish network providers incentives and opportunities to continue historic trends in innovation and investment;
There is no analysis or data in the literatures on innovation and regulation to prove claims that the proposed net neutrality rules would on balance promote innovation in the Internet Ecosystem;
Net neutrality proponents incorrectly characterize the incidence of innovation activities and accomplishments, particularly with respect to core v. edge innovation; and
The proposed net neutrality rules might be expected to reduce innovation in broadband networks and those that would be enabled at the edge. They would do so to the extent that new constraints on broadband
network providers would increase uncertainty and risk, reduce prospects for growth, and undermine network managers’ incentives and opportunities to adapt to rapidly changing technical and economic conditions in the
This study finds no support in theories of innovation, innovation practice, or reviews of numerous empirical studies, of drivers of and constraints on innovation, for the main contentions of net neutrality supporters. Available data and analysis do not establish: a) the absence of network innovation in general; b) the primacy of innovation at the edge over the core; or most importantly; c) that greater ex ante regulation of markets for broadband infrastructure is needed, or can reasonably be expected to increase the rate of innovation and consumer welfare creation by network providers and elsewhere in the Internet Ecosystem.
Our review finds no significant market failure attributable to insufficient innovation by network providers or superior innovation outside network infrastructures. As to the need for new regulations, the public interest would be well served were the Commission to heed the wisdom of Hippocrates: “First, do no harm!”
Read more: Innovation_and_National_BB_policies_3210.pdf
This study addresses some unexplored investment and job impact implications of new Net Neutrality regulations recently proposed by the Federal Communications Commission. The rationale for doing so has consistently been cast in terms of maintaining open networks, preserving end-to-end principles, ensuring neutrality, and other equally vague and essentially irrebuttable objectives. In context of a weak economy and bleak jobs outlook, the widely recognized, but limited, ability of monetary and fiscal policies to create jobs, and the increasing economic and political costs of citizens without jobs, this study suggests a third path – regulatory forbearance toward broadband networks – as a means of stimulating investment and job creation. The study concludes:
- By eliminating business options successfully practiced by proponents of more regulation, the Commission’s proposals would dramatically increase market risk, lower expected growth, suppress network investment, and dampen opportunities for network providers to maintain and create jobs.
- The proposed change from Ex Post to Ex Ante regulation would create lengthy regulatory delays and increase regulatory risk for investors, while dampening prospects for new job creation in the Internet sector and in others it supports.
- These and other threats to investment incentives and job creation opportunities are out of line with both the emerging national broadband policy and the growing imperative to create more good, permanent jobs.
- Historical data suggest that for every $1 billion in revenue, “core” network companies provided 2,329 jobs, while non-network “edge” companies provided 1,199 (about half as many). This indicates that Net Neutrality rules that reduce revenues and growth for network companies, and transfer benefits (revenue or growth prospects) to non-network companies, are a barrier to job creation.
- In short, these regulations will shift risk, returns, growth and opportunity away from “core” network providers and in favor of “edge” applications and content providers. SEC data show that, historically, “core” companies earn at lower rates, invest more and create more jobs per dollar of value received in the market than do “edge” companies. Regulation that shifts value away from network providers to non-network providers will reduce investment in network infrastructure and citizen access to broadband while dampening creation and preservation of jobs. This conflicts with consensus requirements of a National Broadband Policy and with our macroeconomic policy goals.
In support of these conclusions, the study sets out financial and economic principles linking Net Neutrality style regulations, investment and jobs; it presents data (filed by firms with the Securities and Exchange Commission) depicting the record of broadband network providers and selected applications providers; and it projects those relationships into the future as guides to the potential responses of firms in the Internet Ecosystem to Net Neutrality type regulatory interventions.
Read more: Jobs_Study_Final_.pdf
Digital infrastructure, specifically broadband, supports jobs both within the broadband industry and throughout the economy. If capital expenditure falls, either through unfavorable market conditions or regulatory or other actions taken by government investment levels will decline and jobs will likely be lost, at least in the short term.
Dear Chairman Genachowski, Commissioners Copps and McDowell and Mr. Levin: The Internet Innovation Alliance (IIA) would like to thank you for considering our earlier comments regarding the development of a National Broadband Strategy, and for this opportunity to provide additional feedback. First and foremost, we wanted to direct your attention to a study recently released by Compass Lexecon economist Jon Orszag, Mark Dutz and Bobby Willig (Orszag Report) and commissioned by the IIA. A copy of their report will be submitted as an ex parte filing in Docket No. 09-51. The Orszag Report’s findings and several comments supplied by others compels us to offer these additional observations.
Read more: 72109_IIA_NOI_Submission_FINAL.pdf
Over $7 billion has been earmarked for broadband expansion in the federal economic stimulus. The top priority for stimulus investments should be deployment of broadband to unserved areas.
Read more: IIA_Broadband_Stimulus_Overview.pdf
In the wake of November’s elections, following extensive growth in federal spending and compounded by the partial nationalization of our financial sector, many conservatives are in retreat. Fearing a new New Deal of liberal lawmaking, conservative stalwarts are girding for years in the policy wilderness. Yet all is not lost.
Ever since the beginning of the Internet revolution, people have spoken of the “digital divide” between the Internet “haves” and “have-nots.” While access toinformation technology is still a compelling part of any anti-poverty strategy here in the U.S. and in much of the world, decreasing information technology costs have broadened access to previously underserved populations both here and in many…
Read more: 11-10-08KamarckPaper-FINAL.pdf
Taking Government Run Programs Online Can Save Billions and Multiply Number Aided Shows New Paper from Harvard Professor Elaine C. Kamarck, PhD WASHINGTON, D.C. – November 11, 2008 – The Internet will be the catalyst for advancement of programs promoting social justice over the next decade, according to new research from Harvard Professor Elaine…
Read more: 1110_08KamarckExecutiveSummary_.pdf
The goal must be universal, high-speed Web access, and governments—both federal and state—have crucial roles to play ...
The Pew Internet Project released their latest study “Home Broadband Adoption 2008.” Among the key finding were:
In the spring of 2007, 47% of Americans had broadband at home.
In the past year, there has been no growth in home broadband adoption among low-income Americans.
Broadband users are starting to pay more if they want more speed; 29% of home broadband users say they pay extra for a premium service that offers more speed.
The full study is available at http://www.pewinternet.org.
Read more: PIP_Broadband_2008.pdf
A new analysis by the Phoenix Center shows that the United States is adopting broadband technology at the same pace as most other industrialized countries, once demographic and economic differences are taken into account.
Read more: PCPP33Final.pdf
An Evaluation of Current Broadband Services To Rural Americans and The Impact of Internet Public Policy On Broadband Deployment.
Read more: USIIA.pdf
“The Economic Impact of Stimulating Broadband Nationally” details the potential state-by-state impact of legislation to accelerate broadband access and use. The report’s findings suggest that the U.S. could realize an economic impact of $134 billion annually by accelerating broadband availability and use across all states. The map above shows the potential for broadband that exists in every U.S…