5G stands for fifth generation wireless technology. It follows 1−4G, but 5G comes with a twist. 1G & 2G were based on delivering voice service; 3G brought us mobile data; and 4G the mobile internet; yet 5G will fundamentally transform the role that mobile technology plays in society. 5G is faster, nearly lag-free, much more efficient, and will ultimately advance mobile to a unified fabric connecting people and machines to just about everything.
In a 5G world, there will be less dependence on old-style antennas and tall masts. 5G uses a different part of the spectrum, with different characteristics, and needs different antennas. 5G transmissions are carried by millimeter waves that vary in length from 1 to 10 millimeters. The characteristics of millimeter waves and 5G technology mean that the transmitter-receiver, or base station, is tiny when compared to a conventional cell phone base station or the behemoth broadcast facilities.
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